动词短语小结

动词短语小结 | 楼主 | 2017-12-21 07:37:47 共有3个回复
  1. 1动词短语小结
  2. 2动词短语小结
  3. 3动词短语小结

分发算出结局检查身体复习打开关掉把调高,一道来进来进入出来出版倒塌降下来来自回来偶然遇到过来回家,透过看翻阅浏览调查当心往外看,为某人树立了模样释放放走扬帆起航写下记下放下着手开始做。

动词短语小结2017-12-21 07:36:05 | #1楼回目录

在英语,动词之后加上介词或副词构成短语,表达一种特定得意义,这种短语称为动词短语。在使用时,我们要把这些动词短语看做一个整体。常见动词短语结构有下面几种:

这种结构,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动词和副词之间,如果其宾语是名词,则既可放在动词和副词之间,也可放在短语动词后。如:give up 放弃stay up 熬夜 wake up 把 ---唤醒 call up打电话 clean up 打扫fix up修理 mix up 把---混合set up 建立 成立put up 张贴put on把---穿上take off 把---脱下use up 用完 用尽let down 让---失望 write down写下give out 分发

hand out分发work out 算出 结局look over检查身体 go over复习 turn on 打开turn off关掉 turn up把--调高

turn down 把--调低put off推出hand in 上交hand out分发give away捐赠 give bake归还如:listen to 听 look at 看 belong to 属于

这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。如:come up with 提出,想出

run out of 用完,耗尽

如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住

动词短语小结2017-12-21 07:36:32 | #2楼回目录

agree短语

agree with同意(意见、想法);agree to同意(计划、办法);agree on协商一件事;

be短语

be friendly/kindgood/ to对友好;be fed up with对厌烦;be different from与不同;be afraid of害怕;be popular with受欢迎;be fond of喜欢,爱好;be interested in对感兴趣;be surprised at对惊讶;be satisfied/content/pleased with对满意;be proud of对感到自豪;be strict with对某人严格;

be strict in 对某事严格;be good for对有好处;be good at擅长于; be sure of/about对有把握;be divided into被分成;be made up of由构成;be angry with对某人生气;be busy with忙于;be full of/filled with装满了;be late for迟到;be covered with覆盖着;be familiar with对熟悉;be familiar to对某人来说是熟悉的;be famous/known for因著名;be famous/known as作为有名

break短语

break down破坏,粉碎,出故障 break in 闯进,打断break out爆

发break the law违反法律break the record破记录call短语

call at sp拜访,后接地点;call on sb拜访,后接被拜访的对象;号召;call back回电话;call in 叫来;call up打电话,使回忆起;call for叫某人同往某处,要求;call off取消

come短语

come along一道来;come in进来;come into进入;come out出来,出版;come down倒塌,降下来;come from来自;come back回来;come across偶然遇到;come over过来;come home回家;come to

an end结束;come to oneself苏醒过来;come up长出,发芽;come into use开始使用;come round绕道而来;come at扑向;come on(表示劝说、激动、不耐烦等)快!得啦;跟着来;来临 come along一道来,come to an end终止,结束come true实现come up走近 come up with找到,解决,想到

cut短语

cut in插嘴 cut down砍到 cut out停止使用 cut up切碎

drop短语

drop off减弱,减少drop out退出,离队drop by/in顺便来访drop

litter扔垃圾 drop on训斥,惩罚drop to one's knees跪下drop the curtain闭幕/演出终止 drop over顺便来访 drop back后退,后撤;恢复drop by the wayside迷入歧途,堕落,遭受失败drop dead倒毙,倒地而死;走开,不再捣乱,安静下来drop downv.卧倒,顺着向下移动drop behindv.落后,落伍drop a line 写信给某人

fall短语

fall about 笑得无法自制 fall away 疏远 消失 fall behind 落在...后面 fall down 失败 fall for 迷恋 上...的当 fall in 坍塌 排队 fall in with 偶然遇到 赞同 fall

off (数量)减少 (势力、地位等)降低 脱离 fall on/upon 攻击 fall out 发生 吵架 fall over oneself 煞费苦心;不遗余力 fall short 不符合标准(或要求) fall through 失败,不能实现 fall to 开始工作(或吃东西) 开始 是...的责任fall ill /asleep /silent 生病/睡着/沉默fall in love with爱上(某人)fall into 陷入,养成,开始,渐渐 fall into a habit of 养成习惯 fall off 掉下,衰退,减少 fall over 摔倒,落在上,(头发)披在肩上 fall to pieces 破碎,崩溃,瓦解 fall into ruins 成为废墟 fall to the guound 坠地,失败,落空

get短语

get on/along (well) with与某人相处(融洽),在进展(顺利);get up起床;get on上车(船、飞机、马);get off下车(船、飞机、马); get back回去;get back to回到;get away离开,逃脱;get down下来;get home到家;get into进入,陷入;get out (of) (从)出去;get to到达get together聚会;get in收割 get through通过,度过,完成 get hold of获得,取得get over越过,恢复,克服get ready for为作准备 get up起床get used to习惯于

give短语

give up放弃;give off放出、发出(气体、气味、烟雾、光、水、热等);give out精疲力竭、累倒,耗劲用完;give away泄露,赠送;give back归还give in屈服,让步,投降

go短语

go over温习,复习;go swimming/skating/shopping/dancing/fishing/hunting/camping去游泳/溜冰/购物/跳舞/钓鱼/打猎/野营;go into走进;go off爆炸;go out出去,熄灭;go ahead继续向前走;go against违背;go away走开;go back回去,回顾;go by时间流逝,从旁经过;go down下

降,下沉;go for为而去;go in进入;go on(时间)过去,继续,持续,发生;go round绕路;go through经历;go together一起去;go up上升,攀登;go without没有

keep短语

keep (sb.) away (from sth.)(使)某人离开(某物)keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

keep sth. in mind 记住(某事物)keep sb./ sth. out (of sth.) 不让入内keep back 忍住(眼泪),扣下,隐瞒keep in touch with 与保持联系keep (on) doing sth. 继续做某事keep off 远离,

避开,让开keep up 保持(不低落),继续keep up with 跟上,不落在后面keep down 抑制,控制,使下降keep out 遮挡,使不进入keep out of 使不进入keep away不接近,离开

look短语

look for寻找;look after照顾;look over查看;look forward to渴望,向往,to为介词,后接名词、代词、动名词作宾语;look at看着;look up抬头看,在查找;look up to尊敬;look down upon瞧不起;look like看起来像;look as if/though看起来好像;look

through透过看 ,翻阅,浏览;look into调查;look out当心;look out of往外看look about

[around]环顾四周look back 回顾,回想look on旁观, 看作,当作(与 as 连用)

make短语

make a decision作出决定;make sb. do sth.让某人做某事;make a mistake犯错误;make progress取得进步;make a face做鬼脸;make friends with与交朋友;be made from用材料做成,制成品中看不出原材料;be made of用材料制成,制成品中看得出原材料;make out辨认;make one’s way

克服困难前进;make up编造,虚构,打扮,弥补be made up of由组成make use of使用,利用make oneself at home随便,别拘束

put短语

put off推迟,put on穿上;上演;put away把暂时收起来,储存备用;put up举起,建造,张贴;put out扑灭;put down写下;放下;put aside把搁在一边;put back放回 putinto把放入 put one’s heart into全神贯注

pick短语

pick up拾起,捡起,拿起,收听,用车接送客人、货物,收拾、整理;pick out挑眩set短语

set out与set off同义,“动身、出发、启程”,set up“创办、树立、搭起”。 set an example to sb=(set sb an example) 为某人树立了模样set sb free 释放,放走set sail 扬帆起航set down写下,记下,放下.set about 着手,开始(做)

send短语

send down 使下降,使降低向下发送;吩咐 send up 使上升,使升高讽刺性的模仿;戏谑

send after 派人去追 send along 发送, 派遣send away 解雇, 开除, 赶走送出, 派出send back 退还, 送还 send down 勒令退学, 开除 send for 派人去叫递(名片等) send off 驱逐送别, 给...送行

take短语

take off(飞机)起飞,脱掉(衣服);take in吸收,上当;改小衣服;take away拿走;take out取出;take on雇佣,呈现;take down取下;take up占据时间、空间,开始从事,拿起。take photos 照相 take time 花费(时间) take turns 轮流take one\'s place take

the place of 坐某人的座位;代替某人的职务 take a seat就坐take a shower淋浴,洗澡take care of照顾 take care小心,当心take one’s temperature量体温 take part in参与,参加 take it easy别着急,慢慢来

think短语

think of 考虑;关心;想起;对有某种看法think about 考虑;研究、思考 think over 仔细考虑think highly of 看重;器重 think well of 重视 think little of 看轻;看不起think a lot of 喜欢; 尊敬 think aloud 自言自语 think and think 细想 think away 想开了,

想得忘了 think back to 回忆起 think better of 改变看法; (对某人)有较高的评价 think for 认为, 预料 think long (for, after) 渴望, 切望think up“设想、构思”;think out“仔细思考并研究出(计划等),或者想透问题”等;

turn短语

turn down把音量开小一点;拒绝;turn up把音量开大一点;出现; turn round/around回头;turn over翻开;翻转;turn to朝向;变成;求助于;turninto把变成;turn into变成;turn out结果证明是;turn away把脸转过去turn to sb转向某人 turn out结果是turn on

打开(电灯等) turn off 关(电灯等) turn over (使)翻过来 turn against背叛turn back折回,往回走 turn around旋转,转过身来 try短语

try on 试穿 (衣服、鞋等);试戴(帽子等)try out 试验;尝试try one’s best to do尽力去做try to do 是指“尽力做某事” try doing 是指“试着做某事”

work短语

work at后面跟小的地点, 在某个小的地方工作. work in在某个大的地方工作 work for为谁工作 work as 职业是什么, 以什么为工作work out 做出, 设计出, 制作

出;算出, 得出...答案, 解决;work on从事于, 致力于work hard at努力做out of work失业work of art艺术作品

动词短语小结2017-12-21 07:36:46 | #3楼回目录

swimming游泳 running跑步 playing basketball/ football/ tabletennis打篮球/踢足球/打乒乓球

readinga book 看书 watchingTV看电视 playing with a toy train/bus玩玩具火车/汽车

taking pictures照相listening to music 听音乐 ridinga bike 骑自行车 flyinga kite放风筝

talkingto friend 和朋友聊天writinga letter 写信 doing homework 做作业dancing跳舞

Singing 唱歌 rowing a dragon boat划龙舟playing chess下棋 dringkingmilk 喝

牛奶drawing pictures画画makingnoodles做面条 jumping 跳playing the flute吹笛子

句型

1.What is he doing?He’.

2.What is she doing? She

3.What are you doing?I.

4.What are they doing? They .

swimming游泳 running跑步 playing basketball/ football/ tabletennis打篮球/踢足球/打乒乓球

readinga book 看书 watchingTV看电视 playing with a toy train/bus玩玩具火车/汽车

taking pictures照相listening to music 听音乐 ridinga bike 骑自行车 flyinga kite放风筝

talkingto friend 和朋友聊天writinga letter 写信 doing homework 做作业dancing跳舞

Singing 唱歌 rowing a dragon boat划龙舟playing chess下棋 dringkingmilk 喝

牛奶drawing pictures画画makingnoodles做面条 jumping 跳playing the flute吹笛子

句型

1.What is he doing?He’.

2.What is she doing? She

3.What are you doing?I.

4.What are they doing? They .

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