There be句型的小结

There be句型的小结 | 楼主 | 2017-12-20 14:38:59 共有3个回复
  1. 1There be句型的小结
  2. 2There_be句型的小结与练习
  3. 3There be句型的小结与练习

表示存在有即当我们告诉某人某事存在或不存在常用这种结构,动词单复数形式要跟之后的真正的主语一致,时间紧迫看不见有什么无事可做,做某事是没有用的没有意义的,当作主语时一般是结构当句式中有时一般用如。

There be句型的小结2017-12-20 14:36:13 | #1楼回目录

There be表示 “存在有”,即当我们告诉某人某事存在(或不存在)常用这种结构。其中there是引导词,本身无词义;be为谓语动词,后面跟的是名词,也就是主语,也就是说there be结构的运用也就是倒桩的具体运用。其真正的主语在there be 之后。在新课标中对此的考试要求是:掌握There be句式的结构特征和基本用法。在我们的课本中也出现了大量的There be句式如:

There are a few simple safe measures to follow while training.

There are also records of gymnastics being performed in China and some other Asian countries.There were lots of good English language programs broadcast on TV or on the radio in China.

一、 注意事项:

1 there be 结构中的be 是可以运用各种时态的。

There is going to be a meeting tonight.。

There was a knock at the door.

There has been a girl waiting for you.

There will be rain soon.

2动词be单复数形式要跟there be之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据就近一致原则来变换be 的单复数形式。

如: There is a book on the desk. How many people are there in the city?There is a pen and two books on the desk.There are two books and a pen on the desk.3 在there be引起的句子结构中,用来修饰主语的不定式主动形式和被动形式均可。

There is no time to lose (= to be lost).时间紧迫 There is nothing to see (=to be seen).看不见有什么 There is nothing to do.(=to be done) 无事可做。

二、 结构变形:

在there be 结构中还可把be 改变从而使得there be结构有了一些改变具体总结如下:

1 There used/seem/ happen/appear to be 如:

There might be snow at night.There appeared to be nobody willing to help.There used to be a building here.There happened to be a man walking by.

There doesn't seem to be much hope.

2 在there be的 be 前还可以加上各种情态词,如:

There must be something wrong.一定有问题。

There ought not to be so many people.不应该有这么多的人。

There might still be hope .可能还有点希望。

3 在there be句型中的be还可以换成其他的动词与there连用,这些词都是表示状态的如:live stand exist remain等或用来描写某事的发生或某人的到达如come, appear, enter, follow, occur等。There lived a rich man. Then there came a knock at the door.

Long, long ago, there lived a king.There followed a terrible noise.

Suddenly there entered a strange man.

三、 特殊的表达方式:

1

1There is no sense in doing 做某事是没有用的,没有意义的

There is no sense in making him angryThere in no sense in going alone.

4 There is no use /good doing 做某事是没有用的,没有必要的

There is no use trying to explain it. There is no good/use going there.

5 There is no need to do

There is no need to worry.There is no need to give him so much money.

6 There is thought/said/reported to be 人们认为有/据说有/据报道有

There is thought to be an army between in these two countries。

There is reported to be a better way to cure cancer.

7 There is no doing(口语)不可能…….

There is no telling when he will be back.无法知道他什么时候回来。

There is no knowing what he is doing. 无法知道他在做什么。

四、 there be句式的非限定形式。

There be 的非限定形式有两种,即there to be 和there being。需要掌握以下几个情况:

1作主语

当作主语时,一般是There being结构,当句式中有for时,一般用there to be如:

There being a shop here is a great advantage. It is impossible for there to be any more.

There being a house with a garden is of great value.

2 作宾语

作动词宾语时,一般用there to be 结构。常见动词有:expect, mean, intend want, prefer等:

We expect there to be no argument.People don't want there to be anther war.

作介词的宾语一般用There being句式,但当是for时一般用there to be句式。

This depended on there being a sudden change. 这需要有一个突然的改变。

The teacher was waiting for there to be complete silence.

3 作状语

用作状语的there be的形式通常用there being结构。

There being no buses, we had to walk home.

There being no nobody in the room, we realized that there was no use crying.

There being nothing else to do, we went home happily.

注意:如果句中出现for时应用there to be。

It was too late for there to be any buses.

There be句型的多种形式及用法

1.There be与情态动词连用

There be句型中的谓语动词be可与各种情态动词连用,表示"一定有"、"可能有"、"应该有"等含义。

如:There oughtn’t to be too great discrepancy in our views. He felt that there must be something wrong.There can’t have been much traffic so late at night.There might be drinks if you wait a bit.

2.There be与含有情态意义的动词或短语连用

英语中有些动词或短语具有一定的情态含义,我们称之为半助动词。There be句型中的谓语动词be

2

可与这些半助动词连用,表达更为复杂的意念。能用于There be句型中的这类词语主要有:happen to(碰巧),appear /seem to(似乎),be going to(将会),used to(曾经),have to(必须),be likely to(很可能),be bound to(必定)等。例如:

There happened to be an old friend of mine in the club.

There appear to be several reasons for changing our plans.

There used to be a cinema here before the war.

Is there going to be a dancing party tonight?

There are bound to be obstacles for us to get over.

3.There be的非限定形式及用法

There be结构也可以以不定式(there to be)、动名词(there being)和现在分词(there being)的形式出现在句子中,作主语、宾语或状语。这种非限定形式中的there在形式上起着逻辑主语的作用,因此,不定式there to be前有时需加介词for,从形式上满足引出不定式逻辑主语的需要,而分词there being则具有独立主格结构的意味。例如:

I don’t want there to be any more trouble.(不定式作宾语)

I expect there to be no argument about this.(不定式作宾语)

It was unusual for there to be so few people in the street.(不定式作主语)

What’s the chance of there being an election this year?(动名词作介词宾语)

There being a bus stop so near the house is a great advantage.(动名词作主语)

There being nothing else to do,we went home.(分词作状语)

4.由there be构成的固定句型

由there be构成的一些固定句型在英语中很活跃,需很好地掌握。常见的有:

There is no point in +v-ing:没道理,没用,没必要

There is no use(in)+v-ing:毫无用处

There is no sense in +v-ing:毫无道理

There is no need to +v:没有必要

There is no +v-ing:不可能,无法。

例如: There is no use in hiding that fact from him .

There is no point in arguing further.

There was no mistaking his intentions this time.

5.there与其它动词连用

除动词be外,其它一些动词也可以与there连用。这些动词有两类:一类是表示存在概念的状态动词,如:exist,remain,live,lie,stand等;一类是表示某事发生或某人到达等概念的不及物动词,如:come,enter,arise,occur,follow,appear等。

3

There_be句型的小结与练习2017-12-20 14:38:20 | #2楼回目录

There be句型的小结与练习

There be表示 “存在有”,即当我们告诉某人某事存在(或不存在)常用这种结构。

一、注意事项:

1、 there be 结构中的be 是可以运用各种时态的。

There is going to be a meeting tonight. 今晚有个会议。

There was a knock at the door.有人敲门。

There has been a girl waiting for you.有个女孩一直在等你。

There will be rain soon. 不久天就要下雨了。

2、动词be单复数形式要跟there be之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据就近一致原则来变换be 的单复数形式。 如:

There is a book on the desk.课桌上有一本书。

How many people are there in the city? 这个城市里有多少人口。

There is a pen and two books on the desk.课桌上有一个钢笔和两本书。

There are two books and a pen on the desk. 课桌上有两本书和一个钢笔。

There are some students and a teacher in the classroom. 在教室里有一些学生和一位老师。

There is a teacher and some students in the classroom. 在教室里有一位老师和一些学生。

3、在there be引起的句子结构中,用来修饰主语的不定式主动形式和被动形式均可。

There is no time to lose (= to be lost).时间紧迫。

There is nothing to see (=to be seen).看不见有什么。

There is nothing to do.(=to be done) 无事可做。

二、结构变形:

1、there be 结构还可以和其他连系动词、助动词、情态动词连用,构成更多的表达形式,总结如下: There used/seem/ happen/appear to be

There might be snow at night.晚上可能有雪。

There appeared to be nobody willing to help.看来没人愿意帮忙。

There used to be a building here. 过去这儿有一座楼房。

There happened to be a man walking by .碰巧有个人在此经过。

There doesn't seem to be much hope.好象没有太大的希望。

There must be something wrong. 一定有问题。

There ought not to be so many people. 不应该有这么多的人。

There might still be hope .可能还有点希望。

There is going to be an English evening next week. 下周将有一台英语晚会。

2、在there be句型中的be还可以换成其他的动词与there连用,这些词都是表示状态的如:livestandexistremain等或用来描写某事的发生或某人的到达如come, appear, enter, follow, occur等。

There lived a rich man. 这以前住着一个富翁。

Then there came a knock at the door.然后有人敲门。

Long, long ago, there lived a king. 很久很久以前,有一个国王。

There followed a terrible noise. 然后是传来了可怕的声音。

Suddenly there entered a strange man. 突然进来了一个奇怪的人。

三、特殊的表达方式:

1、There is no sense in doing 做某事是没有用的,没有意义的

There is no sense in making him angry. 跟他生气是没有用的。

2、There is no use /good doing做某事是没有用的,没有必要的

There is no use trying to explain it. 解释是没有必要的。

There is no good/use going there.去那儿是没有好处的。

3、There is no need to do 没有必要做某事

There is no need to worry.没有必要担心。

There is no need to give him so much money. 根本没有必要给他那么多钱。

四、there be的非谓语形式。

There be 的非谓语形式有两种,即there to be 和there being,需要掌握以下几个情况:

作宾语

(1)作动词宾语时,在以下动词后用there to be 结构:want, expect, hope, wish, like , hate, would like, prefer,mean, intend等;

We expect there to be no argument.

People don't want there to be anther war.

在以下动词后用there being 结构:常见的动词有:deny, appreciate, mind, imagine, admit等

She denied there being any misunderstanding between them.她否认他们之间有任何误会。

(2)作介词的宾语一般用There being句式,但当是for时一般用there to be句式。

This depended on there being a sudden change.

I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.

The teacher was waiting for there to be complete silence.

作状语

用作状语的there be的形式通常是独立主格结构,用there being

There being no buses, we had to walk home.

There being no nobody in the room, we realized that there was no use crying.

There being nothing else to do, we went home happily.

练习:

1 ______ a reading lamp on the table.

A There is B There has C It is D It has

2 What a rainy summer we’ve had!

Yes, there______ only 3 sunny weekends the whole summer.

A have been B are C had been D has been

3 I didn't want _____ to be a war between these two countries.

A it B them C there D their

4 There is reported ______a number of the wounded on both sides.

A to be B being C was D will be

5 ______ no coffee left, they had to make do with tea.

A It being B There being C there to be D There was

6 There is a little hope of ______ a settlement of the argument.

A to be B there to be C there being D being

7 I don't expect there ______ any misunderstanding.

A is B to be C being D will be

8 There are five pairs______ , but I’m at a lowhich to buy.

A to choose B to choose from C to be chosen D for my choosing

9 There is no use______ a lot without ______ anything.

A to talk, do B talked, doing C talking, being done D talking, doing

10 If the storm had happened in the day-time, there ______ many more deaths.

A were B would have been C had been D would be

11 Look! ______.

A There comes the bus B There the bus comes C The bus comes here D There does the bus come

12 ______ Mary with a baby in here arms just when I was about to leave.

A There enter B There entered C Entered there D There entered into

13 There are a lot of people ______ for the bus to come.

A waiting B to wait C waited D is waiting

14 The little girl is afraid to enter the house, because ______ a big dog at the gate.

A lies there B lays there C there lies D there lays

15 About twenty-three centuries ago, ______.

A there lived in Greece a great thinker who called Aristotle

B a great thinker lived in Greece calling Aristotle

C lived there in Greece a great thinker called Aristotle

D there lived in Greece a great thinker named Aristotle

16 ______ plenty of water in this river.

A There used to being B There used to be C There is used to being D There was used to be17 What a pity, my new computer doesn't work. ______ must be something wrong with it.

A It B There C This D That

18______ no need for us to discuthe problem again since it has already been settled.

A It has B There has C It is D There is

19 Let’s get through the work quickly. ______ seems to be little time left now.

A It B That C There D we

20 ______appeared to be a war between his heart and his mind.

A There B It C Where D What

答案:

1A 2A 3C 4A 5B 6C 7B 8B 9D 10B 11A 12B 13A 14C 15D 16B 17B 18D 19C 20A

There be句型的小结与练习2017-12-20 14:37:18 | #3楼回目录

There be表示 “存在有”,即当我们告诉某人某事存在(或不存在)常用这种结构。其中there是引导词,本身无词义;be为谓语动词,后面跟的是名词,也就是主语,也就是说there be结构的运用也就是倒桩的具体运用。其真正的主语在there be 之后。在新课标中对此的考试要求是:掌握There be句式的结构特征和基本用法。在我们的课本中也出现了大量的There be句式如:

There are a few simple safe measures to follow while training.

There are also records of gymnastics being performed in China and some other Asian countries.

In China, there is only 7% of the land used for growing crops, which feeds more than one fourth of the world population.

If the population keeps growing so quickly, there will be only standing room left for us next century.

There were lots of good English language programs broadcast on TV or on the radio in China.

There be结构是如此重要,我们高中生必须对此从以下方面进行了解。

一、注意事项:

1、 there be 结构中的be 是可以运用各种时态的。

There is going to be a meeting tonight. 今晚有个会议。

There was a knock at the door.有人敲门。

There has been a girl waiting for you.有个女孩一直在等你。

There will be rain soon. 不久天就要下雨了。

2、动词be单复数形式要跟there be之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据就近一致原则来变换be 的单复数形式。 如:

There is a book on the desk.课桌上有一本书。

How many people are there in the city? 这个城市里有多少人口。

There is a pen and two books on the desk.课桌上有一个钢笔和两本书。

There are two books and a pen on the desk. 课桌上有两本书和一个钢笔。

There are some students and a teacher in the classroom. 在教室里有一些学生和一位老师。

There is a teacher and some students in the classroom. 在教室里有一位老师和一些学生。

3、在there be引起的句子结构中,用来修饰主语的不定式主动形式和被动形式均可。There is no time to lose (= to be lost).时间紧迫。

There is nothing to see (=to be seen).看不见有什么。

There is nothing to do.(=to be done) 无事可做。

二、结构变形:

1、there be 结构还可以和其他连系动词、助动词、情态动词连用,构成更多的表达形式,总结如下:

There used/seem/ happen/appear to be

There might be snow at night.晚上可能有雪。

There appeared to be nobody willing to help.看来没人愿意帮忙。

There used to be a building here. 过去这儿有一座楼房。

There happened to be a man walking by .碰巧有个人在此经过。

There doesn't seem to be much hope.好象没有太大的希望。

There must be something wrong. 一定有问题。

There ought not to be so many people. 不应该有这么多的人。

There might still be hope .可能还有点希望。

There is going to be an English evening next week. 下周将有一台英语晚会。

2、在there be句型中的be还可以换成其他的动词与there连用,这些词都是表示状态的如:livestandexistremain等或用来描写某事的发生或某人的到达如come, appear, enter, follow, occur等。

There lived a rich man. 这以前住着一个富翁。

Then there came a knock at the door.然后有人敲门。

Long, long ago, there lived a king. 很久很久以前,有一个国王。

There followed a terrible noise. 然后是传来了可怕的声音。

Suddenly there entered a strange man. 突然进来了一个奇怪的人。

三、特殊的表达方式:

1、There is no sense in doing 做某事是没有用的,没有意义的

There is no sense in making him angry. 跟他生气是没有用的。

There in no sense in going alone. 一个人去是没有好处的。

2、There is no use /good doing做某事是没有用的,没有必要的

There is no use trying to explain it. 解释是没有必要的。

There is no good/use going there.去那儿是没有好处的。

3、There is no need to do 没有必要做某事

There is no need to worry.没有必要担心。

There is no need to give him so much money. 根本没有必要给他那么多钱。

4、There is thought/said/reported to be 人们认为有/据说有/据报道有

There is thought to be an army between in these two countries。 人们认为在这两国之间有一场战争。There is reported to be a better way to cure cancer. 据报道,找到了一种更好的治疗癌症的方法。 There is said to be oil under the North Sea 据说北海有石油。

5、 There is no doing(口语)不可能…….

There is no telling when he will be back.无法知道他什么时候回来。

There is no knowing what he is doing. 无法知道他在做什么。

四、there be的非谓语形式。

There be 的非谓语形式有两种,即there to be 和there being,需要掌握以下几个情况:1作主语

当作主语时,一般是There being结构,当句式中有for时,一般用there to be如:

There being a shop here is a great advantage. 这儿有个商店,真是方便极了。

There being a house with a garden is of great value. 拥有花园的房子是很有价值的。

It is impossible for there to be any more. 不可能再有了。

2 、作宾语

(1)作动词宾语时,在以下动词后用there to be 结构:want, expect, hope, wish, like , hate, would like, prefer, mean, intend等;

We expect there to be no argument. 我们希望不会出现争吵。

People don't want there to be anther war.人们不希望再有战争。

在以下动词后用there being 结构:常见的动词有:deny, appreciate, mind, imagine, admit等 She denied there being any misunderstanding between them.她否认他们之间有任何误会。

(2)作介词的宾语一般用There being句式,但当是for时一般用there to be句式。This depended on there being a sudden change. 这需要有一个突然的改变。

I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall. 我从未想到墙壁上有幅画。

The teacher was waiting for there to be complete silence.老师在等着大家都安静下来。

3、作状语

用作状语的therebe的形式通常是独立主格结构,用therebeing

There being no buses, we had to walk home.由于没有公共汽车,我们不得不走着回家。

There being no nobody in the room, we realized that there was no use crying.屋里没人,我们意识到哭喊是没有用的。

There being nothing else to do, we went home happily. 由于没事可做,我们快乐地回家了。注意:如果句中出现for时应用there to be。

It was too late for there to be any buses. 太晚了,没有公共汽车了。

练习:

1 ______ a reading lamp on the table.

A There is B There has C It is D It has

2 What a rainy summer we’ve had!

Yes, there______ only 3 sunny weekends the whole summer.

A have been B are C had been D has been

3 I didn't want _____ to be a war between these two countries.

A it B them C there D their

4 There is reported ______a number of the wounded on both sides.

A to be B being C was D will be

5 ______ no coffee left, they had to make do with tea.

A It being B There being C there to be D There was

6 There is a little hope of ______ a settlement of the argument.

A to be B there to be C there being D being

7 I don't expect there ______ any misunderstanding.

A is B to be C being D will be

8 There are five pairs______ , but I’m at a lowhich to buy.

A to choose B to choose from C to be chosen D for my choosing

9 There is no use______ a lot without ______ anything.

A to talk, do B talked, doing C talking, being done D talking, doing

10 If the storm had happened in the day-time, there ______ many more deaths.

A were B would have been C had been D would be

11 Look! ______.

A There comes the bus B There the bus comes C The bus comes here D There does the bus come12 ______ Mary with a baby in here arms just when I was about to leave.

A There enter B There entered C Entered there D There entered into

13 There are a lot of people ______ for the bus to come.

A waiting B to wait C waited D is waiting

14 The little girl is afraid to enter the house, because ______ a big dog at the gate.

A lies there B lays there C there lies D there lays

15 About twenty-three centuries ago, ______.

A there lived in Greece a great thinker who called Aristotle

B a great thinker lived in Greece calling Aristotle

C lived there in Greece a great thinker called Aristotle

D there lived in Greece a great thinker named Aristotle

16 ______ plenty of water in this river.

A There used to being B There used to be C There is used to being D There was used to be17 What a pity, my new computer doesn't work. ______ must be something wrong with it.

A It B There C This D That

18______ no need for us to discuthe problem again since it has already been settled.

A It has B There has C It is D There is

19 Let’s get through the work quickly. ______ seems to be little time left now.

A It B That C There D we

20 ______appeared to be a war between his heart and his mind.

A There B It C Where D What

答案:

1A 2A 3C 4A 5B 6C 7B 8B 9D 10B 11A 12B 13A 14C 15D 16B 17B 18D 19C 20A

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