法语过去分词小结

法语过去分词小结 | 楼主 | 2017-11-16 23:03:44 共有3个回复
  1. 1法语过去分词小结
  2. 211.5高二过去分词用法小结一对一用
  3. 3unit2过去分词作宾补用法小结

过去分词除与助动词构成复合时态和被动态以外还可以独立使用,表遭遇到某种不幸受到打击受影响蒙受损失,通常可转换成相应的状语从句,表示条件相当于一个条件状语从句,有些过去分词已经形容词化作状语时表示人的状态等。

法语过去分词小结2017-11-16 23:02:41 | #1楼回目录

过去分词除与助动词构成复合时态和被动态以外,还可以独立使用。

1.1.特征:

1)相当于形容词,置于名词后,与该名词的性数一致。

Voilà un travail bien fait.

Il pleure ses amis morts.

2)兼有动词特点,可有补语、状语等。

Ils se promenaient souvent le long de la rivière bordée d’arbres.

Les films faits pour instruire le font dormir.

3)直接及物动词的过去分词具有被动意义。

Il relit son devoir corrigé par le professeur.

Nous avons visité une grande usine construite dans les années 60.

2.2.用法:

1)作形容语

Par la fenêtre ouverte, on voyait que la salle était pleine de monde.

Les spectateurs surpris se jetèrent vers la sortie.

2)作表语

Nous sommes entourés d’ennemis psychologiques.

Cette vieille maison semblait abandonnée.

3)作状语

L’étranger, bien embarrassé, ne sait plus que faire.

Le conférencier sortit, suivi d’une foule d’étudiants.

3.3.说明

1)以avoir为助动词的不及物动词的过去分词,一般不能单独使用。

2)以être为助动词的不及物动词的过去分词,可以单独使用,具有主动意义,表示动作先完成,其性数与被修饰名词或代词一致。

Descendue du train, elle a aperu son ami qui l’attendait sur le quai.

3)某些代动词的过去分词也可以独立使用,具有主动意义,也表示动作先完成,其性数与被修饰的名词代词相一致。

Réveillée dès cinq heures, elle put partir à six heures.

11.5高二过去分词用法小结一对一用2017-11-16 23:02:55 | #2楼回目录

过去分词用法总复习

过去分词作定语和表语

一、单个过去分词作定语,常放在被修饰词的前面;过去分词短语作定语,常放在被修饰词的后面。

1.English is a widely used language.

2.He threw away the broken cup.

二、过去分词短语作定语,通常放在被修饰词之后,它的作用相当于一个定语从句。

The building built last year now collapsed in the Wenchuan earthquake.

The problem discussed at the meeting yesterday was very difficult to solve.

过去分词作表语:

许多动词的过去分词已经被当作形容词使用。如:disappointed, excited, moved, puzzled, pleased, surprised, lost等,通常放在连系动词be,get,feel,remain,seem,look,become等后面。

He seemed quite disappointed at the result.

1.Prices of daily goods ____ through a computer can be lower than store prices.

A. are bought B. bought

C. been bought D. Buying

2.Cleaning women in big cities usually get ________by the hour.

A. pay B. payingC. paid D. to pay

3.What he has done is really ____.Now his parents

are _____ him.

A. disappointing; disappointed at

B. disappointing; disappointed about

C. disappointing; disappointed with

D. disappointed;disappointing by

4.As is known to us all, traveling is ______, but we often feel ______ when we are back from travels.

A. interesting; tired B. interested; tiring

C. interesting; tiring D. interested; tired

5.Hearing the ____ news, we all felt ___.

A. encouraging, encouraging,

B. encouraged, encouraged

C. encouraged, encouraging

D. encouraging, encouraged

过去分词做宾语补足语

一、宾语补足语的概念

宾语补足语:在英语中,某些及物动词不仅需要宾语,而且还要求某个词或词组来补充说明宾语,即表示宾语代表的人或物所发出的动作或所处的状态,这个词或短语称为宾语补足语。

二、用法

1.过去分词在have, make, get, keep, leave等使役动词的宾语后面作宾语补足语。

注意“have +宾语+过去分词”的两种情况:

A)表"让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做"

I have had my bike repaired.

The villagers had many trees planted just then.

B)表"遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受....影响,蒙受..... 损失"

I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

She managed to make herself understood.

I raised my voice to make myself heard.

They kept the door locked for a long time.

Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

2.过去分词在want, like, wish, order等表示“希望”、“要求”、“命令”意义的动词的宾语后面作宾语补足语。

The bowouldn't like the problem discussed at the moment.

I would like my house painted white.

I want the suit made to my measure.

I wish the problem settled.

3.过去分词在see, hear, find, feel, notice, observe, watch等表示感觉和心理状态的动词的宾语后面作宾语补足语。

When we got to school, we saw the door locked.

We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops..

He felt himself cheated

I found my wallet stolen.

4.过去分词用在“with +宾语+宾补”这一结构中,过去分词与宾语之间是动宾

关系。

The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

With many brightly-colored flowers planted around the building, his house looks like a beautiful garden.

With everything well arranged, he left the office.

1. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ___ the next year.

A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out

2. The meeting ended with nothing_______.

A. to settle B. be settled C. settlingD. settled

3. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother's voice ______ him.

A. calling B. called C. being calledD. to call

4. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English _____ in a short period.

A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve

过去分词(短语)作状语

一、分词或分词短语作状语时,可以表示时间、原因、让步、条件,方式或伴随状况。通常可转换成相应的状语从句.

1.表示时间,相当于一个时间状语从句

Translated into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

2.表示原因,相当于一个原因状语从句

Blamed for the breakdown of the school computer network, Alice was in low spirits.

3.表示条件,相当于一个条件状语从句

Given time, he’ll make a fist-clatennis player.

4.表方式或伴随,可以转换成一个并列句

We often provide our children with toys, footballs or basketballs, thinking that all children like these things.

5.表让步,相当于一个让步状语从句

Engaged in the work, I managed to spare some time to accompany him.

6.有时为了强调,分词前可带when, while, if, though, as if, unless,once等连词一起作状语,以便使句子的意思更清楚、更连贯。例如:

When comparing different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities.

Though tired, he still continued reading.

7.有些过去分词已经形容词化,作状语时表示人的状态,eg:surprised, satisfied, interested, moved, worried,pleased, disappointed等。

Disappointed at the examination result, the student stood there without saying anything.

不管是现在分词还是过去分词单独作状语,其逻辑主语必须与主句的主语一致。分词作状语通常可转换成一个相应的状语从句或并列句,如果状语分句或并列句中的谓语动词为被动结构,就用过去分词;如果状语分句或并列句中的谓语动词为主动结构,就用现在分词。

注意:

1. 现在分词有两种时态:一般式doing和完成式having done。一般式通常表示与主句的谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生或无先后;完成式则强调分词所表示的动作先于谓语动词所表示的动作。 如:

While walking in the street, we met some friends of ours.(

Having waited in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home.

Having been told many times, he made the same mistake again.

2. 分词的否定式的构成: not +分词。

E.g. Not having received a reply, he decided to write again.

1. _______ more attention, the tree could have grown better.

A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given.

2. The computer center, ________ last year, is very popular among the students in this school.

A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened

3. The first textbooks ________ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.

A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written

4. ________ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.

A. Losing B. Having lostC. LostD. To lose

5. _______ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm.

A. Attracted B. AttractingC. To be attracted D. Having attracted

6. _______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.

A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered

7. The researcher is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it.

A. begins B. having begun D. beginning D. begun

8. ________ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.

A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding

9. When ________, the museum will be open to the public next year. A. completed

B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed

10. The poor boy looked to the right and to the left, _______ where to go.

A. not knowingB. not to knowC. didn’t knowD. not being known

My favorite sport is football.I was a member of

our school football team.we practise three t__________1.____ every week and often ________ football match on TV together.2.____ P_________ football not only makes us grow tall and strong 3.____ __________ also gives us a sense of fair play and team 4.____ spirit. We must k__________ in mind that we play for5.____ the team __________of ourselves. Also, the sport teaches us the __________ (重要性)of obedience(服从). Each playermust obey the captain, __________ is the leader of the team. And we must not break the __________(规则) too oftenif we want to __________ the game.

6.___ 7.___ 8._ 9.__10.____________

unit2过去分词作宾补用法小结2017-11-16 23:03:20 | #3楼回目录

Unit2过去分词作宾补用法小结

英语中过去分词可作宾补,(此时的过去分词一般是及物动词)表被动意义或完成意义,有时两者兼而有之。做宾补的过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动作的对象。如:

She found the door broken in when she came back.(宾补与宾语有被动的关系,表一种状态。)

一. 过去分词用在表状态的动词keep,leave等的后面。

Eg:They kept the door locked for a long time.

Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.(谚语:少说多看) Don't leave such an important thing undone.

Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

二.过分词用在get,have,make, 的后面。

1.注意“have +宾语+过去分词”的两种情况:

A)表让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做

eg: I have had my bike repaired.

The villagers had many trees planted just then.

B)表遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受....影响,蒙受..... 损失

Eg:I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

He had his leg broken in the match yesterday.(MET1986)

2.make+宾语+过去分词,在这种结构中,过去分词的动词必须是表示结果含义的。如:

They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English. I raised my voice to make myself heard.

三、过去分词用在感观动词watch,notice,see,hear,listen to ,feel,find等后面。如

When we got to school,we saw the door locked.

We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops.

He felt himself cheated.

The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see carried out the next year.(NMET2000)

四、过去分词用在want,wish,like ,expect等表示“希望,愿望”这一类动词后面做宾补。如

The bowouldn't like the problem discussed at the moment. I would like my house painted white.

I want the suit made to his own measure.

I wish the problem settled.

五、过去分词用在“with +宾语+宾补”这一结构中,过去分词与宾语之间是动宾关系。如:

The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

With many brightly-coloured flowers planted around the building ,his house looks like a beautiful garden.

With everything well arranged,he left the office.

六、过去分词、现在分词、和不定式作宾补的区别。

现在分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是主谓关系。其动作与谓语动作同时进行。 过去分词作宾补:宾语和补语之间是动宾关系。其动作先于谓语动作。

不定式作宾补: 表一个完成的动作、或表一个很短时间内看到、听到或感觉到的具体动作。

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