英语知识要点复习小结

英语知识要点复习小结 | 楼主 | 2017-11-08 19:07:45 共有3个回复
  1. 1英语知识要点复习小结
  2. 22016届高考英语二轮复习知识点大全:81like 用法小结
  3. 3高考总复习英语知识点大全12:as...as...用法小结

我们学校有一千名学生我们学校有数千名学生,用来询问将来需要多长时间常对将来时里的短语提问,令人兴奋的激动的主语必须是物或用来修饰事物如,面目构成动词如我是一个男孩。

英语知识要点复习小结2017-11-08 19:05:18 | #1楼回目录

英语知识要点巩固复习

1.“too + 形容词或副词 + to + 行为动词原型”——表示“太……而不能……”,

注意该句型本身表示否定,不需要再加not.例如:The teacher speaks too fast to understand . 2.距离的表达方式:(1)、表示某地离某地远,常用far from, 句式为: 某地+be+far from+某地。例如:Shanghai is far from our city.(2)、表示两地之间的具体距离,常用句式: It’s +数词+量词(

kilometres/

metres)+from A 地+to B 地。对句式中数词提问用how far. 例如: It’s 6 kilometres from my home to my school. How far is it from your home to your school?

3、invite sb to do

sth邀请某人干某事;invite sb to

sp邀请某人去某地

4、want to do sth =would like to do sth 想要干某事

want sb to do sth=would like sb to do sth想要某人干某事He wants me to come his home on Sunday.

5、taik to/with 和某人交谈、和某人谈话

talk about sth 谈论某事He often talks about English with his classmates. 6、当hundred、thousand、million等前有具体的数字时,它们的词尾不能加S,当表示“数百个、数千个、数百万个“这种不具体的数字时,其后要加S和介词of 。 如:Our school has one thousand students./Our school hasthousands of students.

我们学校有一千名学生 /我们学校有数千名学生。

7、表示时间的介词:①、at表示某时间点,如:at six o’clock ;还有一些习惯用法,如:at noon ;at night ;at the age of six(在六岁) ;②、on表示较短的时间:具体的年月日(其中二者俱全)、星期几或生日;某一具体的早晨、上午、下午、晚上;③、in表示较长的时间:单独表示某年、某月、某日或表示某个世纪、某季节以及泛指早晨、上午、下午、晚上。如: a cold evening ,summer ,her birthday ,8、(1).how many用于询问可数名词的数量,后跟可数名词的复数; (2).how much用于询问不可数名词的数量,后跟不可数名词或可用于询问价钱。如:

How many students are there in your school ? /How much meat do you want ?

(3).How often多久一次,用于提问频率,其答语用once/twice/three times a day,sometimes 等。

(4).How long 用来询问多长时间,答语通常是表示时间段的时间状语。一般有for.

(5).How soon 用来询问“将来需要多长时间”,常对将来时里的in 短语提问。

(6).How far 用来询问距离,答语

一般有kilometres或 metres. (7).How old 用来提问年龄,答语一般有years old.

9、excited感到兴奋的/激动的,主语必须是人,常用 be excited about / at sth

exciting令人兴奋的/激动的,主语必须是物或用来修饰事物,如:

Weare all about the news (消息) 。 以 –ed 结尾的词修饰人,以-ing 结尾的词修饰物。 10、It’s time for sth / It’s time to do sth / It’s time for sb to do sth该干某事的时候了

如:It’s time for lunch = It’s time to have lunch = It’s time for us to have lunch 11、would like sth 想要某物would like (sb) to do sth 想要(某人)干某事

如:I would like a cup of tea.I would like you to go shopping with me .

12、something:某物、某东西——不定代词的特点:

①、修饰它

的词要放在它的后面;②、如果它做主语,谓语动词用单三形式③、含有some 一类的词用于肯定句中,含有any一类的词用于否定句。

类似的词还

有:anything、

nothing、兴,过得愉快 一般将来时的标志everything、Have fun doing sth 做某事很词 tomorrow, everyone 等。 有乐趣 next , 构成: 13、一般来说,17.also,也,常用于句中,放在系will + 动词原形 some用于肯定句,动词、助动词、情态动词后面,实或 be going to + any用于否定句和义动词前面。 动词原形 疑问句。但当要请Too也,常用于肯定句句尾,并一般现在时的标志求别人且想得到他用逗号与句子分开,either 用于否词: often, (她)肯定的回答定句及疑问句句尾。 sometimes, usually, 时,疑问句中要用18、learn sth / to do sth学习某every 当主语是单some。如:Could 事,学习做某事 Learn from 三人称时要加s 或 you lend some sth/ sb向某人学习 或es. money to 从中学到 There is + 不可数me ?Would you like ? 14、many许多 修饰可数名词,其后跟可数名词复数much许多 修饰不可数名词,其后跟不可数名词a lot of / lots of修饰可数名词和不可数名词,只能用于肯定句 so / too many + 可数名词复数so / too much + 不可数名词much too 太He speaks much too loudly . 他说话声音太大了。 一点、有点:①、a few +可数名词 ②、a little +不可数名词 15.see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事,强调动作正在发生See sb do sth 看见某人做过某事,强调动作经常发生或动作的全过程 Stop doing sth 停止做某事,指停止正在做的事情 Stop to do sth 停下来去做某事,指停止原来所做的事去做另一件事 16.have fun = have a good time / nice time, enjoy oneself玩得高

19.teach sb sth =teach sth to sb 教某人做某事 Teach sb to do sth教某人做某事 20. It‘s one’s turn to do sth轮到某人做某事了21.be good for 对有好处 Be good at sth \ doing sth = do

well in sth\doing sth在方面

擅长,在方面干得好

22. make sb \sth + 形容词是

某人/,某物保持某种状态 Make sb do sth使某人做某事

23.same 相同的,无论在何种情况下前面都加the , 反义词是different ,名词是difference. Be different from与不同

24、be scared to do sth害怕做

某事be scared of害怕

25、句子中出现than 用比较级;

比较级+ and + 比较级意为越

来越来

26、finish doing sth 做完某事

22、it is + 形容词+ for sb +to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样

23、or 可用在否定句中,连接两

个并列的成分,意为和,与。And 用于肯定句中连接并列成分;but 表示转折;so 表示结果。

24、名词的复数 单复数同型的

有:sheep、Chinese、Japanese、people、deer(鹿)、fish;

不规则变化的有:man→men、

woman→women、foot→feet、

tooth→teeth、child→children、

mouse→mice。

25、现在进行时的标志词:now、

these days、look. Listen构成:

主语+be(am,is ,are) + 动词-ing一般过去时的标志词: Last, ago, yesterday,just now 构成: 主语 + was/ were 主语 + 动词的过去式(否定句:主语+ did +not +动词原形 一般疑问句: Did + 主语+ 动词原形 肯定回答: Yes,主语+did. 否定回答: 主语+ did +not .)

名词或可数名词单数There are + 可数名词复数当句子中含有am, is,are, was,

were, will , can 时 ,变为否定句时

给这些词后加not , 变为一一般现在时有以下标志性的时间

状语:every day ,every morning, usually,sometime, always, never等. 第二,请看我的

面目--构成: 1. be动词: 如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 2.词(+其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。

3 数(he, she ,it)时,单三变化:多数在动词后加s ,

play—playslike—likes

drink---_________

get---___________

want---____________

以s,x,sh,ch,o结尾

的动词加

go—goeswash—wa

shes,

Watch---_________ do---___________ brush_________ Have--__________以辅音字母加y结尾,把,fly—flies 。 般疑问句时将这些词提前。

2016届高考英语二轮复习知识点大全:81like 用法小结2017-11-08 19:06:42 | #2楼回目录

高中英语知识点大全(81):like 用法小结

1、like 用法小结

(1)like 用做动词(及物)通常表示一般的“喜欢”,为口语用词,词意没有love感情强烈,反义词为hate。

①like + n.(pron.)

Does Li Ming like bananas? 李明喜欢吃香蕉吗?

Do you like it?你喜欢它吗?

②like + v.-ing(动名词)

Do you like working in China? 你喜欢在中国工作吗?

③like + to + v.(不定式)

I like to keep busy. 我喜欢生活得紧张。

④would like(=would love)后接名词、代词或不定式,多用于有礼貌地提出要求,意为“想要、愿意”。

Would you like something to drink? 你想喝点什么吗?

I’d like two sweaters for my daughter.我要给我女儿买两件运动衫。

Would you like to come? 你愿意来吗?

⑤How do you like...?(=What do you think of...?)此句型用于询问对方对某人(物)的看法,意为“你觉得怎么样?”

How do you like China? 你觉得中国怎么样?

(2)like 用做介词,意为“像一样”,反义词为unlike。

①like 后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。

Don’t throw it like that. 别那样扔它。

They’re round,like the moon. 它们是圆的,像月亮一样。

Walking on the moon is just like flying. 在月球上行走就像飞一样。

②look like意为“看起来像一样”。

It looks like a chicken. 它看起来像一只鸡。

③feel like+v-ing意为“想”。

I had a little,but I don’t feel like eating. 我吃了一点,可我不想吃。

④What’s the weather like...?(=How’s the weather like...?)此句型用来询问天气情况,意为“天气怎么样?”。

What’s the weather like in Australia now? 现在澳大利亚天气情况怎么样? It’s (just)like sb. to do sth.

该句意思是“某人(恰恰)就是这个样子”,表示赞扬或不满;若用否定式,则表示怀疑。如:

It is just like her to think of others before thinking of herself.

like crazy

这是一个固定词组,口语用语,意为“疯狂地”,“拼命地”。如:

In order to finish his work on time, he worked like crazy.

crazy是个形容词,意为“狂热的”,“醉心的”,与about连用。如:

Most youths are crazy about famous stars.

2、Love

be in love with sb. 该短语意为“爱上某人”,其中的be可用fall替换,即fall in love with sb. 也意为“爱上某人”。如:

Henry was/fell in love with Mary.

make love to sb. 向某人示爱

3、以use为核心,组成的词组:

in use 在使用中;out of use (目前)不使用;

come into use 开始被使用;go out of use 不再使用。

高考总复习英语知识点大全12:as...as...用法小结2017-11-08 19:07:22 | #3楼回目录

高中英语知识点大全(12):as...as...用法小结

(1)...as+形容词(副词)原级+as...;not as/so+形容词(副词)原级+as...

Their factory is as large as ours.他们的工厂和我们的一样大。

I study as hard as you.我和你一样用功学习。

He doesn’t get up as/ so early as his parents.他不像他父母那样早起床。

(2)倍数+as + 形容词(副词)原级+as...

Line AB is 3 times as long as Line CD.=Line AB is twice longer than/3 times the length of Line CD.线段AB是线段CD长的3倍。

(3)as + 形容词+ a/an + 单数可数名词+ as; as + 形容词+复数名词+ as

She is as good many records as possible.我们需要尽量多的唱片。

There is as much sugar in it as eight pieces of sugar.其中的含糖量相当于八块方糖。

I have’t got as much money as I thought.我没有原来想象的那么多钱。

(4)as/so long as 只要;如果

You may use that dictionary as long as you take care of it.只要你好好保存,你可以用那本词典。

as a matter of fact=in fact事实上、实际上

It seems easy,but as a matter of fact,it’ll take us a long time to work it out.

这道题貌似简单,实际上要解出的话很费时间。

(5)as much/ many as多达,那么多

On Sports Day, during the relay race, you will use most of all, perhaps as much as 650 calories an hour.在运动会上,进行接力赛跑时,你消耗的能量最多,可能每小时多达650卡。

As many as 700 different languages are spoken in Africa.非洲有多达700种不同的语言。

He didn’t catch as many as he’d hoped.他没有捉住预想的那么多。

(6)as...as possible; as... as one can

The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as he can. =The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as possible.老师在黑板上应尽可能仔细地把字写好。

Please be as friendly as possible to your friends.=Please be as friendly as you can.请对你的朋友尽可能友好。

(7)as...as + 年代数字/名词

As early as 1950 I knew him.早在1950 年我就认识他了。

He walked as far as the post office.他步行到邮局。

(8)as/so far as I know

As/ So for as I know, he will be away from home for 3 months.就我所知,他将要离家3个月。

(9)as soon as—就

Please let us know as soon as you arrive in Bejing.一到北京,请通知我们一声。

(10)as well as 和;也;还有

He gave me money as well as advice.他除了给我忠告外,还给我钱。

He studies French as well as English.他不但学习英语,而且学习法语。

区别下列用法

1)as(so)far as 和一样远,远至(原级比较或表示距离);就来讲

2)as(so)long as 和一样长(原级比较);只要(引导条件状语从句)

3)as well as和一样好;既也(连接并列成分)

4)as good as和一样好;事实上(作状语)

[应用]完成句子

①油漆后的这辆自行车和新的一样。Painted, this bike is _______ _____ ______ a new one.

②他和他的父母对我都很好。He _______ ______ ______his parents is kind to me.

③晚饭后我们一直到走山脚下。After supper we walked______ _____ ______the foot of the hill.

④就我所知,他将离开两个月。______ ______ ______I know, he’ll be away for two months.

⑤只要努力,你一定会成功。________ ________ _______you work hard, you’ll succeed in time.

⑥这座新建的桥据说和旧的一样长。This newly –built bridge is said to be _____ _______the old one. Key:①as good as ②as well as ③as far as ④As, far,as ⑤As/so,long,as ⑥as,long,as

as if可用as though替换,在此引导表语从句,另外它们也可引导状语从句,从句既可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气。如:

①It looks as if /though it’s going to rain.(陈述语气)

②You look as if you’d seen a ghost.(虚拟语气)

as is the case with = as with 就和的情况一样

As is the case with his mother, he is fond of music.跟母亲一样,他喜欢音乐。

As with human, animals also love their babies.同人一样,动物也爱它们的幼仔。

as good as

as good as 作为固定词组意为“几乎一样”,“实际上等于”,作为同级比较结构,意为“和一样好”。如:

①He is as good at English as me.②My bike is as good as yours.

as it is

该固定词组表达意思是“就以(现在)这个样子,”“根据现在的情况”。

如:He decided to buy the house as it is.

as long as/so long as只要

(1)引导条件状语从句

You may borrow the book as / so long as you keep it clean.只要你不把书弄脏,你就可以借。

You will succeed so long as you work hard.只要你努力就会成功。

As long as you study hard, you’ll make great progress. 只要你努力学习,你就会取得很大进步。

(2)和一样长

This rope is as long as that one.这条绳子和那条一样长。

This bridge isn’t so/as long as that one.这座桥和那座不一样长。

(3)长达(表时间)

The old couple have been living in the small town as long as 50 years.这对老夫妇已在这个小城镇里住了长达50年。

as well/ as well as

as well 表示“也”,是副词短语,用作状语,通常放在句末,也可放在主语之后,相当于too,但一般无标点符号与句子隔开.as well as 通常看作一个复合并列连词,连接两个成分相同的词、短语或句子,表示“既又,不但而且”当它连接两个主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要与第一个主语保持一致。如:

The children learn to read, write and they play games as well.孩子们学习读书写字,他们也做游戏。 With television,we can see a picture as well as hear sound.利用电视,我们既能听到声音,又能看到图像. Tom,as well as his parents,likes pop music.汤姆以及他的父母都喜欢流行音乐。

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